Ernest "Baron" Rutherford won the 1908 Nobel Prize for
Chemistry. Rutherford confirmed the principles of radioactivity, discovered
and named Alpha and Beta rays, and established the nuclear structure of the
Sir Walter Ramsay, born in Glasgow, uncovered the entire
family of Noble Gases. One by one, he found Helium, Argon, Neon, Krypton,
Xenon and Radon. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1904.
Two Scottish Americans were awarded the Nobel Prize for
Chemistry in the 1960's. Robert B. Woodward won in 1965 for his synthesis of
Sterols, Chlorophyll and other substances, thought to be only be produced by
In 1966, Robert S. Mullikan received the prize for his work
on the chemical bond that holds atoms together in a molecule. Thus, Chemistry
was propelled into the Atomic era.